Glossary

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A blockchain consensus mechanism that delivers comparatively fast transactions using identity as a stake.
Proof-of-burn is an attempt at creating a system that can prevent fraudulent transactions on a blockchain and can also improve the overall efficiency and functioning of the blockchain.
A blockchain consensus mechanism aiming to bootstrap one blockchain to another with increased energy efficiency, by verifying that a cost was incurred in “burning” a coin by sending it to an unspendable address.
Any verification that provides evidence of a real, living software developer who created a cryptocurrency, in order to prevent an anonymous developer from making away with any raised funds without delivering a working model.
Proof-of-donation refers to the integration of charitable donations into the functionality of a blockchain.
Proof-of-replication (PoRep) is the way that a storage miner proves to the network that they are storing an entirely unique copy of a piece of data.
In simplest terms, PoSt means that someone can now guarantee that they are spending a certain amount of space for storage. 
A blockchain consensus mechanism in addition to Proof-of-Work that maintains the integrity of blockchain.
Proof-of-validation (PoV) is a unique proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus mechanism that works to achieve consensus through staked validator nodes.
A blockchain consensus mechanism involving solving of computationally intensive puzzles to validate transactions and create new blocks. *see Proof-of-Stake (PoS).
The set of rules that define interactions on a network, usually involving consensus, transaction validation, and network participation on a blockchain.
Writing under a false name, such as “Satoshi Nakamoto.”
A public address is the cryptographic hash of a public key, allowing the user to use it as an address to request for payment.
A blockchain that can be accessed by anyone.
A public key refers to a series of alphanumeric characters used to encrypt plain text messages into ciphertext.
A public sale is the final stage of an ICO in which a company offers its token to the public at a significant discount before the token is listed on cryptocurrency exchanges.